What is poultry farming?
Poultry farming in India is also known as murgi farm (मुर्गी फार्म) or hen farm or chicken farm (ing). Poultry farming basically the farming of domestic birds for the purpose of meat &/or eggs.
Advantages of poultry farming in India
- Poultry farming can be started with less capital
- Poultry farming is lucrative (good return on investment)
- Demand is increasing with time
- Feed conversion efficiency is better
- Needs lesser space
Types of poultry farming in India
- Broiler farming
- Layer farming
Broiler farming is rearing of meat birds. There are various breeds of broilers (meat birds) available. In Indian context the breeds can be indigenous (desi) or commercial strains.
Layer farming is rearing of egg laying birds.
How to do Poultry farming in India?
The requirements for Poultry farming are quite simple.
- Requirement of land
- Infrastructure / chicks / feed / water and medicine
- Market for selling
follow this link for details of requirement for poultry farming
Facts about Poultry farming in India
- Indian poultry industry is growing at the rate of 4-8%
- Per-capita consumption of eggs and meat stands at 42 eggs and 1.6 kg respectively. The recommended value by National institute of nutrition is 180 eggs and 11 kg of meat per-capita.
- India ranks 3rd in egg production and 7th in chicken meat production in the world (Watt Executive Guide, 2015)
- About 3.4 million tons (74 billion) of eggs are produced from 260 million layers and 3.8 million tons of poultry meat is produced from 3000 million broilers per annum in India
Backyard Poultry farming in India
It is the rearing of poultry in the backyard of houses mainly in the rural areas. Governments promote this for livelihood sustenance and for improving the overall health of the rural population.
Poultry farming project?
Government of India and other state governments provide various subsidies for promotion of poultry farming. Details for poultry farming projects can be found at various government website portals such as NABARD.